Overview: Hawker Hunter
Developed in early 1950s, the Hawker Hunter fighter jet is British transonic aircraft with a swept wing design and a Rolls Royce Avon turbofan engine. In 1953, the Hawker Hunter broke the first air speed record with a top speed of 727.63mph. Design as a manoeuvrable day interceptor aircraft, the Hawker Hunter replaced the first generation of fighter jets used by the British RAF including the Gloster Meteor and the de Havilland Venom. Used by 21 forces, the Hawker Hunter was exported to many countries and even used by aerobatic display teams including the Black Arrows and the Blue Diamonds, favoured for its speed and agility.
Later in the 1960s, the supersonic English Electric Lightning took over the interceptor role due to its higher top speed, so the Hawker Hunter was given fighter bomber and reconnaissance roles instead. Used as a two seat trainer up until the 1990s, the Hawker Hunter had a successful role in British aviation before it was finally replaced by more modern planes such as the Harrier and the F-4 Phantom II.